What is a hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity with access through the cervix. It allows for the diagnosis of intrauterine pathology and the opening of fallopian tubes. During a hysteroscopy, a polyp may be removed, or a biopsy sample may be collected. It is a minimally invasive procedure that needs a short hospital stay and has a quick recovery.

Hysteroscopy is an essential step to improve your chances of conception, as it helps to detect if there is any intrauterine defect that can interfere with the implantation.

Hysteroscopy test in IVF treatment

Why is hysteroscopy done?

Hysteroscopy is done to evaluate the possible causes of infertility and repeated miscarriages. If you are experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding, discomfort, and pain, your doctor may suggest you to undergo a hysteroscopy.

Chances of conception become brighter after uterine polyps or scar tissue are removed using hysteroscopy.

Uterine polyps or removal of scar tissue done with the help of hysteroscopy increases the chances of conception.

To determine whether your womb is healthy enough to support a successful IVF process, experts will advise you to have a hysteroscopy. Any positive findings can help to prevent IVF failure and your financial burden or emotional turmoil.

In addition to aiding in diagnosis, hysteroscopy is also used to carry out minor surgical procedures. The hysteroscopy technique often treats any minor uterine anatomical problems.

By using hysteroscopy, your doctor can treat the following uterine conditions:

Enlarged polyps or fibroids cause recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility. By using hysteroscopy, these uterine tissue growths can be eliminated.
Increased menstrual flow and infertility can result from uterine scar tissue. The surgeon can find and remove these adhesions through hysteroscopy.
A septate uterus is a uterine deformity that raises the chance of miscarriage. The septum is removed using hysteroscopy.
Heavy menstrual bleeding and bleeding between periods can be diagnosed with hysteroscopy. During the operation, any bleeding spots are addressed with a laser, electrocautery, or surgical removal.
You will have a higher probability of becoming pregnant if surgery is done during hysteroscopy. It is a simple and safe operation with few risks. After the surgery, you can resume your normal activities one or two days later.
Procedure of Fertility - IVF Specialist - Dr. Manish Banker

What does the procedure look like?

What is the procedure post hysteroscopy?

You will be fit to leave the hospital in an hour if the procedure involves only local anesthesia. In the case of general anesthesia, you might need to wait for the effects to subside.

You might be required to be under observation which can take a few hours or even an overnight stay. But you might need a day off before rejoining work if any surgery was performed.

Your post-hysteroscopy symptoms might include cramping, bleeding or spotting, dizziness, fever, and nausea. If you experience any of these issues, talk to your doctor.

Post hysteroscopy Procedure

What are the benefits of hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy has the following benefits over other, more invasive procedures:

What are the complications associated with hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is a safe technique with rare consequences. Less than 1% of cases may result in issues such as infection, heavy bleeding, injury to the uterus, cervix, or bladder, or reactions from general anesthesia. If you experience any of these signs, speak with your doctor.


Laparoscopy testiing on women uterrus at Banker IVF

What is laparoscopy?

Also known as bandage surgery and keyhole surgery, Laparoscopy aids in the identification and treatment of infertility problems.

A thin tube called a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. In order to identify the reasons for infertility, a high-definition camera on the front of the laparoscope is used to view the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The images then clicked are sent to a video monitor.

It is less invasive and causes minimal pain. Short hospital stays are needed because of the swift recovery.

If you're having trouble becoming pregnant or dealing with any infertility issues, your doctor might suggest you have a laparoscopy post-baseline infertility evaluation. It is a small surgical procedure that helps the doctor to look directly at your reproductive organs. The diagnosis then received can raise your chances of pregnancy.

Why is laparoscopy needed?

The doctor can use laparoscopy to determine the unidentified cause of infertility, including:
Doctors use laparoscopy to not only diagnose but also treat the underlying defect that is preventing pregnancy. In case of any suspicious growth, a biopsy can be taken during laparoscopy.
IVF Treatment
Procedure of laparoscopy in IVF clinic lab

What is the procedure of laparoscopy?

After giving the patient general anesthesia, the surgeon will insert a small needle into the abdomen to inject gas that dilates the patient's abdomen and makes the visibility of organs and structures clearer. The doctor will then examine the structures after inserting a laparoscope.

The next steps are determined by the diagnosis. If an anomaly requires surgery, a third incision is made to perform the surgery. Post-surgery, the surgeon will take the instruments out and sew the incision areas. After a short period of observation, the patient will be released and returned home.

As the gas that was injected into the patient starts to absorb, the patient might also feel slight pain in their shoulders and abdomen. These symptoms will disappear within a few days.

What does the procedure look like?

Some abnormalities are often the cause of unexplained infertility. Laparoscopy aids in the detection and treatment of these issues.
In endometriosis, endometrial tissue doesn't line the uterine cavity, it grows outside of it. Endometriosis causes inflammation of the fallopian tubes, scarring, or even blockage which leads to severe pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and sometimes infertility. Laparoscopy is recommended to remove this lesion caused by endometriosis.
Surgical removal of the fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries is known as an ovarian cystectomy. Laparoscopy is the best method when the cyst needs to be removed.
Fibroids in the uterus result in heavy periods, pelvic pain, and blockage of the uterus, which makes it difficult to get conceived. These fibroids in the uterus are removed during a myomectomy which can be performed successfully by laparoscopy with minimal incision.
It is a procedure of removal of scar tissue from the uterus. Future adhesions are less likely due to laparoscopic lysis, which boosts fertility.
Unlike open surgeries, laparoscopy avoids large open wounds; and has a better outcome with a swift recovery.
Side effects after IVF treatment process

What are the side effects of Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is safe, however like with any other surgery, there are a few risks involved with it. Up to 2% of women may face postoperative problems such as bladder infection, adhesions, incision site infection, and hematomas in the abdominal wall may occur.
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