Bleeding & Spotting During Ovulation

Bleeding & Spotting During Ovulation: When to be Concerned

For many women, their menstrual cycles arrive like clockwork each month. Sometimes, you might have a little bleeding or spotting in between. This can happen at ovulation—the time an egg is released from the ovary. Of course, it’s fairly common, but mid-cycle bleeding is a pain if you’re not expecting it. So, when should you worry about ovulation bleeding? 

What is Ovulation Bleeding? 

Ovulation is the process when a mature egg is released from the ovary, travelling down the fallopian tube in preparation for potential fertilization by a sperm cell. For most women, ovulation happens about 14 days before the arrival of their next period. Some women experience light spotting or bleeding at this time, which is known as ovulation bleeding. 

Ovulation bleeding differs from your typical menstrual period bleeding. Rather than a steady flow that may last several days, ovulation bleeding tends to be much lighter – perhaps no more than a few light spots of pinkish or reddish-brown discharge when you wipe. The bleeding is usually short in duration, often lasting less than a day. Additionally, ovulation spotting does not come with symptoms like cramping that tend to accompany menstrual periods. 

What Causes Ovulation Bleeding?

The exact cause of slight bleeding during ovulation in some women is not yet known. Nevertheless, there might be several possible explanations:

Hormone Fluctuations

The ovulation hormone changes can destabilize the lining within the uterus enough to cause minimal bleeding in some women.  

Egg Follicle Rupture

When the egg is released from the ovary, the rupture of the follicle it was housed in causes minor trauma or irritation that can lead to spotting.  

Low Progesterone Levels

The drop in progesterone right before the egg is released may prompt some shedding of the uterine lining. 

Is Ovulation Bleeding Normal?

A little spotting near the time of ovulation is normal and harmless in most women. Up to 1 in 5 women have at least occasional ovulation bleeding each cycle. Unless the bleeding is abnormally heavy or accompanied by severe pain or other concerning symptoms, there’s usually no need to worry. 

Some women even report that ovulation spotting helped them get a much better idea as to the timing of their cycles and fertile window for becoming pregnant. This familiar spotting, typically occurring about two weeks before the next period, can indicate that ovulation is occurring or will happen within the next day or two.

When Should I Be Concerned About Ovulation Bleeding?

While light spotting around ovulation isn’t normally a cause for concern, there are times when you may be concerned enough to call your doctor:   

Heavy Flow  

If this bleeding appears to be more than normally heavy and seems to last longer than 1-2 days, it would probably not be standard ovulation spotting.  

Abnormal Cycle Timing

If the spotting is occurring at an abnormal time in your cycle or your cycles have changed significantly, it’s worth getting checked out. 

Accompanied by Pain 

Ovulation spotting should not bring severe cramps, pelvic pain, or discomfort. If bleeding is paired with notable pain, seek medical attention. 

Entering Menopause

Irregular spotting can be an issue for ladies who are nearing menopause. Their cycles become highly irregular at that age in their life. Your physician can examine you to make sure everything is alright.

Trying to Conceive

In case you are having trouble conceiving, then you would like to discuss with your fertility professional – all types of irregular bleeding that could be causing issues. 

While ovulation is a very common and normal reason for mid-cycle spotting for most women, unexplained changes or irregularities should send you to visit your gynaecologist or fertility clinic. 

What Other Causes Must It Be?

Aside from ovulation, some other causes of bleeding between periods would be:

Hormonal Birth Control

Birth control pills, patches, rings, and other hormonal contraception may sometimes cause spotting, probably concerning fluctuations in hormone levels. 

Uterine Polyps or Fibroids

In some females, irregular spotting may be caused by benign growths on or in the uterus as they change their position during the cycle 


An infection like vaginitis, cervicitis, or pelvic inflammatory disease may trigger the occurrence of spotting in certain women. 

Early Pregnancy 

Light spotting can sometimes be an early sign of pregnancy, as the embryo implants in the uterine wall. Many women don’t realize they’ve conceived yet at this stage. 


Sexual intercourse or other trauma to the vaginal area has the potential to prompt light bleeding or spotting in some instances. 

Although most ovulation spotting is normal and harmless, these other causes show why it’s important to pay attention to details such as timing and any accompanying symptoms. For anything that seems abnormal based on your experience, seek medical guidance.

contact us

Tips for Tracking Ovulation Bleeding

If you are experiencing mid-cycle spotting, start tracking some details to help identify whether it’s likely ovulation bleeding or if there might be another cause: 

• Keep track of all spotting dates. Note how light or how heavy it may be. 
• Note associated symptoms like pain, and any other changes. 
• Attending to the timing in your cycle, being consistent, you will probably find out that it commonly occurs in the middle and approximately 14 days from your next period. 

It only takes some observation for many women to find a pattern that basically says the bleeding is very likely associated with ovulation alone, which could demystify that part of the cycle. 

However, if the spotting does become irregular or other unusual symptoms develop, then, by all means, schedule an appointment with your gynaecologist or fertility specialist. They will be able to perform an exam and conduct any needed testing to determine what might be the problem and that nothing concerning is going on. 

The empathetic, proficient team at Banker IVF & Women’s Hospital will guide you regarding your questions and concerns about your menstrual cycle, planning a pregnancy, or any other aspect related to your reproductive health. Feel free to contact our ever-ready providers for any guidance. 

Tags: No tags

Comments are closed.