Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common health problem caused by an imbalance in the secretion of reproductive hormones. This hormonal imbalance creates problems with ovarian function and ovulation. The ovaries normally produce one egg every month that is released as part of a healthy menstrual cycle. With PCOS, the egg may not develop as it should or it may not be released during ovulation as it should be. Getting pregnant with PCOS may seem improbable. But fortunately, most women with PCOS are able to get pregnant after proper medication.
PCOS and infertility share a close relationship. PCOS can cause absence of periods [ amenorrhoea ] or irregular menstrual periods. This leads to :
Between 10 % and 15% of women between 15 and 44, have PCOS. Most women find out they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they realise that getting pregnant with PCOS can be challenging. But PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.
It is a well-established fact that getting pregnant with PCOS is a difficult task. While PCOS affects the development and release of the mature egg, the hormonal imbalance and the increase male sex hormone called testosterone also affects the lining of the uterus, which prevents implantation of the egg and leads to excessive facial hair growth.
Women with PCOS have higher rates of:
The exact cause of PCOS is not known. Current evidence suggests that PCOS causes multifactorial; that several factors, including genetics, playing a role:
Although PCOS causes and symptoms may differ from person to person, the most common polycystic ovary symptoms are as follows:
Other less common symptoms can exist too. However, look out for these PCOS symptoms to get diagnosed for PCOS.
For most women with PCOS, there is no permanent cure. However, the symptoms can be controlled and managed.
PCOS affects physical appearance as well as the mental health of many women across the world. While the patient feels discouraged when they first receive the diagnosis, they should remember that the condition can be treated and managed. Getting pregnant with PCOS is possible and very much achievable.
With the right set of medication, medical care, determination, and support, it will no longer be an obstacle in the way of you leading a normal life or becoming a mother.
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