IVF treatment procedure – Know step-by-step process of IVF

In-vitro fertilization is one of the most popular and reliable fertility treatments that support couples to experience the joy of parenting. For this reason, whenever a couple has trouble conceiving, IVF treatment comes to the top of their minds.

Even though the IVF process has been around for decades as a successful infertility treatment, people are unaware of what exactly the IVF step-by-step process is and how it works. IVF is an acronym for in-vitro fertilization, which is basically a procedure in which the egg and sperm get infused together.

The lack of awareness about the IVF procedure step-by-step may be attributable to the fact that infertility is intimate, and is considered taboo in India, so not openly discussed. Although, with time, many people have begun to become more receptive to IVF treatment.

However, some people still need to understand the IVF procedure from start to finish. So, we start by learning the basics and then moving ahead to the IVF fertility process – step-by-step.

How and Why is IVF Performed?

During the IVF treatment, mature eggs are extracted from the ovaries and fertilized in a laboratory with sperm. The fertilized egg or eggs (embryos) are placed in the uterus there after, and it requires roughly three weeks to complete an IVF cycle. IVF process is suggested as a primary treatment for infertile women above 40 years.

You may also need to undergo IVF if you or your spouse suffer from certain health conditions. Some of the reasons you may need IVF treatment are:

  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Ovulation problems
  • Poor sperm development or function
  • Genetic disorder
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Fertility preservation
  • Prior tubal removal
  • Women whose pregnancy imposes a health risk may choose IVF using another woman to carry a pregnancy
  • Women without a functional uterus

IVF Process Step by Step – What is the IVF Procedure Exactly?

Ovarian Stimulation:

Your stimulation process will begin once you start taking fertility drugs. In other words, medications containing Follicle Stimulating Hormones (FSH) are given to you, which inform your body to produce more than a single egg each month.

The more eggs you produce, the better your likelihood of fertilization in the IVF process. At this step of the IVF procedure, you’ll have routine transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests to evaluate your ovaries and track your hormone levels.

Egg Retrieval:

Hormone injections are given to you days before your eggs are to be carried out of your body. These help the eggs to become mature. When your follicles grow, your doctor will retrieve eggs using an outpatient surgical procedure named follicular aspiration.

With the help of transvaginal ultrasound, your doctor will insert a small syringe into your ovaries via the vaginal canal. The syringe has a connected gadget that pulls the eggs out. You will be given anaesthesia before that to help ease any discomfort. Following that, you may experience cramping, which should fade away in a day.

Sperm Retrieval:

If you use fresh sperm, the male must deliver a specimen in the wee hours of the egg retrieval. If you have to use frozen or donor sperm, your IVF specialist will usually have it prepared and ready in the lab.

At Banker IVF, we use a special concoction to slow down the sperm so that the best ones can be identified under a microscope. The ideal sperm is picked and stored in the lab until it is time to deliver it to the eggs.


Experts receive your eggs and check their quality and maturity. The mature eggs are placed into an incubator and fertilized with sperm in a few hours. Based on your doctor’s evaluation of the fertilization, the sperm may be placed in a dish with the eggs to inseminate on its own (IVF) or injected into the egg directly (ICSI).

Whether a couple should go for IVF or ICSI depends on multiple factors. Although, both kinds of fertility treatments have nearly the same success rate. Most times, ICSI is used when fertilization is low because of poor semen quality or prior IVF failure.

Embryo Development:

When the egg is fertilized by sperm, it evolves into an embryo. The embryo is placed in a dedicated incubator with an ideal growth environment by experts. A combination of amino acids gets used to create ideal conditions similar to how your body might cultivate an embryo.

Our medical experts will keep an eye on the embryos for five to six days. Unfortunately, not all eggs fertilize and grow into embryos. It is possible that the eggs are not advanced enough or the sperm are insufficiently powerful.

Embryo Transfer:

The embryo is transferred to the uterus usually after 3-5 days following the oocyte extraction process. Your doctor will examine and pick the best embryo for transfer. After carefully passing a catheter through the cervix into the uterus, the embryos will be installed in the uterine cavity under ultrasound guidance.

This procedure is typically performed without anaesthesia, and the patient is discharged from the clinic after a relatively short recovery time. Using frozen embryo transfer, the remaining embryos can be saved for use in a future ART cycle.

This is how the IVF process goes step by step. If you are facing trouble conceiving for over one year and have been suggested to undergo IVF, then visit Dr. Manish Banker, the best IVF doctor in India. The experts at Banker IVF will guide you through your IVF procedure treatment smoothly and safely.

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